9月15-17日,宗教与社会高级讲坛第十四、十五、十六次活动

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宗教与社会研究高级讲坛第141516次活动于9151617日成功举行。此三次活动是系列讲座,由意大利都灵大学文学系教授、香港道风山汉语基督教文化研究所特邀教授Ermis Segatti教授主讲。

 

14次活动的主题是“基督教与罗马帝国”。Segatti教授首先分析了基督教在罗马帝国兴盛与扩展的主要原因,他指出,在罗马帝国,基督教不仅是社会下层(如奴隶)的宗教,而且不少上层士人(如知识分子)也信奉基督教。Segatti教授以德尔图良、奥涅金为例说明早期护教士的主要观点。接着,Segatti教授讲述了罗马帝国三次较大的宗教迫害运动,包括尼禄(Nero)、他雅努(Trajan)、戴克里仙(Diocletian)等。最后,Segatti教授说明了基督教为什么在经历三个世纪的挣扎之后被罗马帝国所接受,并成为帝国及周围文化的主要精神源泉。本次讲座由郭长刚教授主持。在互动环节,Segatii教授就君士坦丁皈依基督教的原因等问题与在座师生交流。文学院青年教师、研究生、本科生等30余人参与了是次讲座。

 

15次活动的主题是“基督教与西方国家的世俗化”。Segatti教授首先分析世俗化(Secularization)的原因,他从基督教本身的传统分析世俗化的源头。Segatti教授指出,基督教早期历史与信仰是导致世俗化的最初原因。其次,现代西方社会的发展,尤其是理性化的凸显导致对基督教的“重塑”(reshape)的出现。再次,当代西方社会的某些趋向如消费主义促使宗教逐渐在日常社会中退隐。但是,Segatti教授认为,世俗化对于基督教来说也是一个机遇(chance)。世俗化的结果并不是宗教的消失,相反却导致了新的宗教现象的出现。

 

16次活动与第15次密切相关,主题是“基督教与新兴宗教运动”。Segatti教授首先指出在现代或后现代社会里,宗教并没有如“经典作家”所指出的那样消失或“终结”,相反却出现新的复兴。接着,Segatti教授分析了新兴宗教运动(NRM)的名称、信徒数量与来源等等。然后,Segatti教授举例分析了三大类型的新兴宗教运动,即新启示宗教(如摩门教)、新世纪宗教(如气功)、新“公民宗教”(如当代儒家)等。最后,Segatti教授探析了基督教对新兴宗教运动的回应。

 

后两次活动由肖清和博士主持,历史系博士生、研究生以及来自其他院系的本科生等20余人参与了后两次活动,并与Segatti 教授互动。

 

讲义与提纲下载,请访问“讲座下载”。

 

附录:

 

英文摘要:

 

Christianity and the Roman Empire

 

Roman civilization was characterized by a specific religious tradition, that met no relevant difficulty to accept and even to harbour the religions worshipped by peoples inside its huge geographical empire, among them also the Hebrew religion, the basic reference of the emerging Christianity. The first part of the lecture discusses the reasons why Christianity since the very origin was not tolerated and sentenced to be out of law, even though the penal consequences were not permanently put into practice. The second part will highlight the reactions and the arguments of the Christian apologists in defence of what they claimed to be a loyal standpoint in front of the state.and also their critical appraisal of the Roman religious tradition as well as  of all other 'pagan' traditions. The last part of the lecture will try to explain how and to what extent, after three centuries of religious and cultural struggle, Christianity was definitely accepted and became the major spiritual inspiration of the empire itself and  of the surrounding cultures.

 

Secularization in Western Countries

A current interpretation of this phenomenon maintains that that it goes back to the whole development of Christianity and Western society since many centuries ago. Accepting this general standpoint, the lecture will stress in particular three main roots: a) some specific characters of the Christian faith itself as a permanent element that stimulate a secularized view of society and cosmos, b) some specific characters of the development of the Western modern societies that supposed both to replace or to reshape the Christian heritage, however maintaining some ties with its tradition; some specific trends of contemporary Western societies that suppose either to have definitively ousted any religious appeal and necessity or to can afford a new perspective of the religious dimension which has no more relation with Christianity. Christian traditions, however, seems to show an interesting capacity not only of surviving the secularized era being already inculturated in it, but to became the point of reference for its spiritual future too.

 

Christianity and the New Religious Movements

An introductory section of the lecture will discuss which are their main trends and by which criteria they are understood and maybe classified. The central part of the lecture treats some of them, taken as examples of rather distant characteristics, namely 1) a New Christian Revelation (The Mormons), 2) the Religion Beyond any Religion of the world to come (The New Age), 3) the Religion without Faith (The civil religion). This short specimen of the wide-ranging horizon of the New Religious Movements will consent to stress some specific moves of today's Christianity in response to their presence, taken into account that these Movements do themselves represent already a reaction to the Christian tradition.

 

Ermis SegattiSegatti为意大利都灵大学文学系教授,香港道风山汉语基督教文化研究所特邀教授,研究兴趣包括古代经典、德国文学与早期基督教。2006年开始来中国浙江大学、复旦大学等高校讲学。出版专著10部。)

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